Two billion people—over 30% of the world’s population—are anemic, many due to iron deficiency. In resource-poor areas, anemia is frequently exacerbated by infectious diseases.1
Women and people with chronic diseases are at increased risk of anemia. Important factors to remember are:2
- Certain forms of anemia are hereditary, and infants may be affected from the time of birth.
- Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to iron deficiency anemia because of blood loss from menstruation and increased blood-supply demands during pregnancy.
- Older adults also may have a greater risk of developing anemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.
WHO website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 12] Available from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/ida/en/index.html
Website [Internet]. Available from: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-anemia-basics
Website [Internet]. Available from: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Blood-Disorders/Anemia/5263.aspx
Website [Internet]. Available from: http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/folate-deficiency-anemia/overview.html
Website [Internet]. Available from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health//dci/Diseases/prnanmia/prnanmia_who.html