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Women and Bone Disease

There are numerous modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors1 that increase the risk of developing osteoporosis in women.

 

Modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis in women include:

  • Insufficient intake of calcium and vitamin D intake
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Anorexia
  • Low sex-hormone levels
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Certain medications

 

Nonmodifiable risk factors for osteoporosis in women include:

  • Age
  • Body size
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
     

Resources:
1. NIH. Osteoporosis Overview. January 2012 [Internet]. [cited 2013 Nov 6] Available from: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/overview.pdf

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