Women and Thyroid Cancer
Risk factors1,2,3 that may increase the occurrence of thyroid cancer include:
- Age (25–65 years)
- Exposure to radiation
- Family history of thyroid disease or cancer
- History of enlarged thyroid (goiter)
- Genetic factors such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2a, MEN 2b, FMTC)
- Iodine deficiency
Age, being female, and exposure to radiation are the most common risk factors. Previous cancer incidence may be another possible risk factor.
1Future Oncol. 2010 November;6(11):1771-1779.
2Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 29] Available from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/thyroid/Patient/page1#Keypoint2
3Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 28] Available from: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/thyroid_cancer/hic_thyroid_cancer.aspx