Women and Thyroid Disease
Thyroid disease is the second most common endocrine disorder found in pregnancy. Hypothyroidism in women is associated with infertility and miscarriage. During pregnancy, complications can occur such as, preeclampsia, abruptio placenta, premature labor, and postpartum hemorrhage. The infant can also be affected with neurodevelopment problems and low birth weight.1 In addition, postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) reportedly affects 4-10% of women.
PPT is an autoimmune thyroid disease that occurs during the first year after delivery.2 Pregnant women with Graves’ Disease on the other hand, can give birth to neonates with hyperthyroidism. Knowing the woman’s thyroid status prior to and during pregnancy is crucial to for successful pregnancy outcomes. For mothers with diagnosed thyroid disease proper treatment and monitoring can prevent pregnancy complications.
1M. I. Nor Azlin et al “ Thyroid autoantibodies and associated complications during pregnancy”. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, October 2010; 30(7): 675–678
2Website [Internet]. Available from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/261913-overview